Colorectal surgery typically includes the procedure of colorectal anastomosis where the diseased section of the colon or rectum is removed, and the two healthy segments on either side of it are reattached. Learn more about diverting stomas, related complications, and a potential alternative for a diverting stoma.
What is a Stoma?
Leakage of colon content from the anastomotic site into the abdominal cavity is a dangerous complication, increasing hospitalization time, re-operation, and even mortality rate. To prevent leakage, surgeons often create a stoma. A stoma is an opening of some part of the bowel onto the skin. The waste is collected in an external bag.
There are two main types of ostomies:
- Colostomy – an opening of the colon onto the skin.
- Ileostomy – an opening of the ileum (small intestine) onto the skin.
Both types of ostomies can be temporary or permanent. Permanent stomas are made when stool cannot go through its normal route after surgery. Temporary stomas are made to keep stool away from a damaged or recently operated area while healing occurs. After the healing period, which takes between 3-6 months, a second operation is performed to remove the stoma, requiring additional hospitalization and recuperation.
A stoma is currently considered the standard treatment for almost 70% of rectal and high-risk colon resections.
Living with a diverting stoma can be overwhelming and uncomfortable. The flow of stool into the pouch takes place spontaneously, without control, so the stoma requires special care and attention, as well as a strict diet. A stoma usually requires adjustments in social and day-to-day physical activities. Common stoma-related complications include obstruction, dehydration, and stricture.
A Potential Stoma Alternative
New approaches are needed to satisfy the needs for a short-term temporary bypass. Your doctor may give you additional or alternate information regarding colorectal cancer and ostomies, depending on your situation. If you have questions about your best course of action, schedule an appointment to discuss what’s right for you.
If you are a rectal cancer patient between the ages of 22-65 planned to undergo a colorectal surgery and would like to be considered for the CG-100 Intraluminal Bypass Device clinical study, apply now.